January 9-13, 2010
Town & Country Convention Center
San Diego, CA
Helge Zieler1 , Toby Richardson1 , Ariel Schwartz1 , Markus Herrgard1 , David Lomelin1 , Eric Mathur1 , Suan Choo Cheah2 , Thean Soo Tee2 , Weng Wah Lee2 , Kia Ling Chua2 , Bih Hua Kwan2 , Jason Miller3 , Sergey Koren3 , Agnes P. Chan3 , Rama Maiti3 , Paolo Amedeo3 , Steve Ferriera3 , Yu-Hui Rogers3 , Granger Sutton3 , Christopher D. Town3 , J. Craig Venter1,3
Oil palm and jatropha are high-yielding oilseed crops grown in the tropics and sub-tropics, yet little research has been conducted on these promising crops. Oil palm, the highest-yielding oilseed crop in the world, is grown on over 10 million hectares and is a source of approximately one third of the edible oil consumed worldwide. Despite some gains achieved through breeding in the last 6 decades, oil palm yield has not yet reached its genetic potential. Jatropha is a hardy tree that produces high yields of inedible seed oil suitable for biodiesel production. Its wide geographic range, short generation time and availability of diverse germplasm, make jatropha an excellent candidate for rapid development of highly productive lines through breeding and transgenesis. To lay the foundation for improvement of both plant species, we have generated whole-genome shotgun sequences of both genomes (8x sequence of the 1.9 Mb oil palm genome and 10x sequence of the 370 Mb jatropha genome) using primarily Sanger reads to enable high-quality assemblies. The genome sequences have been supplemented with a high volume of EST and transcriptome sequencing and both genomes have been fully annotated. The annotated genomes represent the first comprehensive genomic resources for these two species of oil-producing trees.